About “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell”: Research and Polls

A Ban By Any Other Name: Ten Years of "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" [PDF]

Hofstra Labor and Employment Law Journal, Vol. 21, No. 2, Spring 2004
by Sharon E. Debbage Alexander, Esq.

This article chronicles the history and implementation of the "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" policy over the course of the last ten years and considers the future of the policy.

A Policy in Desperate Search of a Rationale: The Military's Policy on Lesbians, Gays and Bisexuals [PDF]

The University of Missouri-Kansas City Law Review, Vol, 64, No. 1, Fall 1995

One of the seminal questions the United States Supreme Court may address in the next two to four years is whether the "Don't Ask, Don't Tell, Don't Pursue" policy on military service by lesbians, gays and bisexuals violates the Equal Protection Clause of the Fifth Amendment. The United States district courts to date have been divided on this question. The United States district courts and State courts of appeal are also sharply divided on whether the current policy's predecessor, which bears remarkable resemblance to "Don't Ask, Don't Tell, Don't Pursue," violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Fifth Amendment.

This article analyzes the equal protection claim that will likely face the United States Supreme Court under the "Don't Ask, Don't Tell, Don't Pursue" policy. It concludes that the military's policy on lesbians, gays and bisexuals has been one in desperate search of a rationale for fifty years and cannot stand equal protection review, even under the most deferential standard of review courts sometimes accord to military decisions.

Gay Men and Lesbians in the U.S. Military: Estimates from Census 2000 [PDF]

A Report from the Urban Institute, by Gary J. Gates, PhD, September 2004

This report estimates that 65,000 lesbian and gay Americans are serving in the United States Armed Forces, on active duty, in the reserves and the National Guard. The report finds that the length of service for gay men is equal to their heterosexual colleagues, while lesbians typically serve longer than their straight counterparts. The estimates in the report are based on an analysis of year 2000 census data. The data is subjected to a rigorous review by the Institute, a non-partisan economic and social policy research organization.

According to the report, lesbians comprise 5% of all female military personnel, while gay men account for 2% of all male military members. The total number of lesbians and gays serving represents 2.8% of the nation’s military forces. The report also finds that lesbians and gays have served in all military eras in the latter part of the 20th century.


Explore polling research on the opinions of political leaders, major newspapers, and ordinary Americans regarding “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell”.